Monthly Archives: May 2013

German Blood

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You would think no name pronounces a person’s heritage quite like “German Blood!”

However in this case, it doesn’t!

German Blood was born in Burton on Trent, 1838, to William (An Agricultural Labourer) and Mary Blood.

Like I’ve found with most people with unusual names, his brothers and sisters all had more regular ones; John, William, Harriet, Samuel and Thomas.

However unlike some others, I think the reasoning behind his name is slightly easier to work out – if a little odd! June 1838 was the month of Victoria’s coronation – Victoria who had a German mother! I can only assume it’s some bizarrely, sort of patriotic reference to this, but a small iota of doubt was raised when I realised his age is shown as 3 in the 1841 census, which was taken in April. However ages were often rounded up, or alternatively as people had 3 months to register their childrens birth, a FREEBMD birth from the June quarter could be any time from April – June. So if he was born in April, he would have been conceived in June 1837, and the country would have found out about Victoria’s accession to the throne on 20 June 1837!

although of course I could easily be wrong, I really can’t think of any other reason, as familial anmes were ruled out when I found his mother’s surname was Hartshorn, His father’s mother’s is Edwards, his Mother’s Mother’s is Smith and so on.

So little German grows up to be a ‘Farm servant’ by 12, which was actually higher up the pecking order than an Ag Lab, and is married in 1859 to Ann.

By 1861 he is a living on Waterloo street, Hurdsfield, as a Groom (Gardener is written first, crossed out with ‘Groom’ above, so maybe at this stage he was a bit of both!)

He and Ann have two sons they name German, in 1870 and 1874, but both sadly die as infants. However his brother, John, names one of his sons German in in around 1867. This German emigrates to America in 1891, specifically to Erie, Pennsylvania. censuses before this show him as a an apprentice coach maker, and on the passenger list he is a coach painter, so how he managed to get the funds to travel (2nd class too, not steerage!), or indeed what inspired him to do so, is, of course, a mystery! German junior’s death is registered in 1895, back in Derby when he was just 28, whether or not he became ill on his travels or when he came home is unclear – when I get the money I’ll order the certificate and update. 🙂

German Senior dies in 1884, aged just 48. This is relatively young for someone in his line of work, so I had a look in the newspaper archives, and as they say, no news is good news:

German Blood

Clearly he would be close to such a long term employer, and that combined with a lack of work could easily make someone feel extremely depressed.

Verdict of ‘Temporary insanity’ were often given rather than that of calculated suicide as a method of giving greater sympathy towards the deceased and their families. There may have possibly still been secular and religious penalties too, as I know earlier in history the crown would confiscate the property of one who ‘purposefully’ committed suicide, and the church could refuse burial.

I’m yet to find out just exactly what they would have meant by ‘domestic affliction’ as I don’t think he was having any family troubles, although despite the report saying Mr Brocklehurst had left him “A handsome legacy” he only had £120 to leave his wife, around £6,000 in today’s money. Although thinking about it as he would’ve been on wages of about £30 a year this isn’t too bad!

So our German Blood has a sad end, but perhaps we can hope this was due to the juxtaposition of his happy working life previously.

Extravaganza Muriel Maud Tomkyns Grafton

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Extravaganza was Born in 1871 in Windermere, now Cumbira (then Lancashire), to William Tomkyns-Grafton and Kate Julia Grafton. She lived in Clifton, Bristol; Inslow, Devon and finally Boscombe, Dorset.

Finding census records for her was made easier by all her middle names, as she did not use Extravaganza (can’t think why not) and mostly went by Muriel.

Extravaganza is in a boarding school by the time she is 9, in 1881, and without paying for her birth records I had no name for her parents and so had a hard time finding them! Eventually I searched for just Grafton in Ulverston, where E’s birth record was, and found “Wm Tomkynor Grafton“. As E was very inconsiderate and born AFTER the 1871 census *tut* I wanted something else to make sure this was definitely her father, and, unfortunately, I found it.

When E was just a few months old her Mother Kate filed for divorce. In the petition she cites beatings, and having water thrown over her in bed. However as the case goes on, more complaints are added, mostly (please skip the rest  of this paragraph if you are of a sensitive nature!) of a sexual nature – he asking her to “pose naked before him” (this was soon after the birth of Extravaganza in September 1871), he also “attempted to place his private parts in the petitioner’s mouth” (this again was soon after E’s birth, and again in Birmingham 3 months later) and “attempted an unnatural act upon the petitioner on two separate occasions” (This whilst she was 7 months pregnant and 6 months after the birth). That he also “exhibited indecent prints in the presence of the petitioner” is also mentioned.

His reply to her accusations is a page, (no fullstops) of accusations of temper, her throwing ornaments, candles, water and the contents of a chamber pot at him; breaking open his drawers, burning his letters and papers, broken furniture and windows, insulting him in front of the servants and encouraging them to disregard his orders, threatening to burn his (note HIS not THEIR) house down, calling him names (boohoo), striking him with a switch and a whip, threatening him with a knife and poker (find it odd how he brings this up AFTER the name calling?!) and biting his lip so it makes it bleed, and that if on occasion he has used violence or harsh language against the petitioner it has been justified and provoked by her conduct.

Her response is a simple one lined denial.

He also states he wants her to renew his conjugal rights, this is then crossed out and amended to asking she  “deliver up the child” – Extravaganza Muriel Maud, and this is (sadly) granted to him, when she is just 14 months old.

Of course we don’t really know who was in the right here, it seems William had ideas that Kate wasn’t a fan of, and that led to some heated arguments. However I DO think that he implicitly admits to beating her, and no servant would go against their ‘master’ if they didn’t think he deserved it!

We’ll never know how long E stayed with her Mother, or if her Father gained custody of her only to send her straight away,  as both William and Kate (Oh I only just noticed that) die before the 1881 census, in 1878 and 1879 respectively. I can’t help but wonder if it was from stress? When I can afford it I may buy their death certificates…

So poor little Extravaganza has not had the best of starts!!!

I would like to note that I still have not come across any reason for her being called Extravaganza – I half expected it to be one of the reasons used in the divorce petition “And he made me call our child Extravaganza!” But no such luck. So at this point it’s all still speculation!

In the divorce records it’s also mentioned that her father William has two other children – with no clue of their names or his ex wife’s as well as finding out on William’s will his name was Tomkyns at birth not Grafton (at this point not expecting him to have taken his wife’s name – strange that he should take it and also his next wife should take it too!) it was hard to find him, so a newspaper search for Tomkyns-Grafton found a death for a W F Vivian Tompkyns-Grafton and a C J Tomkyns-Grafton in a dog show (!) – I then searched ancestry for these names and found them lodging with their governess (!) Ellen cox in 1871, and also with their Grandmother, Jane Grafton in 1881. Here she is living in Cheltenham, but in 1871 she was living just a mile from Clifton College… Perhaps this is where William had heard of the school he later sent his daughter to.

Looking back through Jane Grafton’s censuses, one daughter matched age and birth place, and name, of a Martha Tomkyns married to William Tomkyns that I had found for 1861. What’s stranger here is why he would not have taken her name immediately, but seemingly after the birth of children or even her death, unfortunately I will never know for sure when exactly it was.

This was good though, as I had already found this William’s parents were William Tomkyns esq and Jane Thomasine Benny Serjeant, of Devon. And in Extravaganza’s more detailed Will in the newspaper, she leaves some money to her cousin Rev. John Benny White of Devon – of course this warrants some more investigation to be proved but it would be an odd coincidence considering all the other evidence!

What is sad, is that Extravaganza never seems to have anything to do with her half siblings. Her half brother dies young, in 1883 aged 22, but in 1889 E’s half sister Catherine Jane, (who, incidentally, lived from at least 1901 until her death in 1946 in Fellborough, the house Extravaganza was born in and a few houses away from Beatrix Potter in remote Sawrey) enters a Yacht in a local regatta on Windemere – and the boat’s name is Extravaganza! (Unfortunately it only comes seventh out of fourteen, although this is apparently still good enough to warrant a mention in the Lancaster Gazette). So, perhaps they did know each other, perhaps Extravaganza was the one who wanted to distance herself from a bad childhood and chose not to live with Catherine in Fellborough (where C was living alone in 1911, despite being able to afford to keep servants. One thing I also liked about Catherine is that on her death she left a most of her considerable amount of money to a Veterinary surgeon!) Or perhaps the boat Extravaganza was ine xistence before our E and her parents named her for place of conception like a certain celebrity couple did!.. O-o

There are more mysteries than answers when it comes to Extravaganza, and still no sign of the true origin of her name, but her Will from 1895 tells us quite a lot:

Extravaganza Tomkyn Grafton's Will The Morning Post, London, Tuesday July 02 1895.

She leaves the majority of cash – £1,000, or £60,000 in today’s money – to Sarah Crook, who was her “Sick Nurse” from at least 1891, where E is living with the Vicar of Olveston (NOT Ulverston, where her sister lives, this got confusing for a minute). A long illness such as this would have to be something like Tuberculosis or cancer, and I wondered if the codicil that was made 3 days before her death was to include Sarah crook? The rest is self explanatory, although I realised when cropping the picture that I had missed something – she has moved down to Boscombe in Bournemouth – to a house named Felborough!

I decided to order her death certificate and found that she lived in Campbell Road, but there is no house there called ‘Felborough’ now. However I did find out that her illness was indeed Tuberculosis, with ‘”5 years” written next to it.

There is much more I could say that is purely supposition in terms of closeness to her family and how much she knew of her parents tumultuous relationship, but then it’s so hard to know what someone thought or did when all you have is a snapshot every decade of, in this case, a very short life of 23 years.

As an aside Sarah Crook had a happily ever after – she married a Dairy manager one month after E’s death, and they named their first daughter Muriel, the middle name she would have known Extravaganza by.

As all 3 Tompkyns – Grafton siblings died young and/or unmarried, unfortunately there are no direct descendants of this interesting family, but maybe there are some other Tomkyns or Graftons who might come across this and find out a few interesting things about their cousins…

🙂